Aortic Stenosis is a potentially deadly heart condition.

It is the most common heart valve condition and affects approximately 1 in 8 patients over the age of 751. If left untreated, it can have a significant impact on the quality of life for patients and their families.

Reference - New Heart Valve

Common symptoms of Aortic Stenosis

Many of the symptoms and signs of Aortic Stenosis may be incorrectly attributed to the normal ageing process. It is this common misconception that keeps patients from discussing these symptoms with their families and Doctors. It is important to ensure that anyone with these symptoms should be referred to their local Doctor for assessment1

If left untreated, patients with Aortic Stenosis can have a significant reduction in life span, with approx 1 patient in 2 with severe untreated Aortic stenosis, not surviving 2 years.2

Reference- 1: hope for hearts Reference- 2: Otto, C. VALVE DISEASE: Timing of aortic valve surgery. Heart. 2000;84(2):211-218. Reference: hope for heart

Common Diagnostic Tests for Aortic Stenosis.

Once a Doctor becomes suspicious of the diagnosis of Aortic Stenosis, the patient may have a number of different diagnostic tests. These may include (but not limited to):

  • Heart auscultation- using a stethoscope to listen for a cardiac murmur. A murmur can identify abnormal blood flow through the disease Aortic Valve.
  • Echocardiography- an ultrasound is placed on the patient’s chest and a specialised cardiac sonographer identifies and abnormal structures, “leaky valves” etc
  • A Chest x-ray may be helpful to identify if the patient has an enlarged heart, and look for other abnormalities

Reference: hope for heart

Treatment options for Aortic Stenosis

A multidisciplinary heart team will which treatment option is the most suitable for each individual patient, taking into consideration other medical conditions (such as diabetes etc). This team will include (but not limited to):

  1. Cardiologists
  2. Cardiac Surgeons
  3. Cardiac Anaesthetists
  4. Registered Nurses

    Balloon Valvuloplasty

    Balloon valvuloplasty is a temporary treatment only. A balloon is introduced within the Aortic Valve and inflated to increase the blood flow through the diseased valve and hopefully reducing symptoms


    Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR)

    The traditional method to replace the diseased valve via either an open-heart procedure or more commonly now a micro-incision in the patient’s chest. A replacement mechanical or tissue valve is used to replace the damaged Aortic Valve.


    Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation/ Replacement (TAVI/R)

    A less invasive technique, (where carefully selected patients) where a long catheter is introduced into the diseased Aortic Valve via the femoral artery (found in the groin) and a new tissue type valve is left sitting within the diseased native valve

Reference: treatment

Decreasing exercise tolerance in the elderly is not always

Associated just with getting “old”. If you have noticed a significant change in your loved one’s exercise limits or noticed that they are unable to do the physical activities they could in the last 6-12 months1, they should see their Doctor and make sure they are not one of the 1 in 8 patients over the age of 75 who may have untreated Aortic Stenosis.2

Reference- 1: aortic stenosis Reference- 2: health topics

To find out more

To find out more about Arotic Stenosis symptoms and their treatments.